What are blepharoplasty treatments?
Eyelid surgeries (blepharoplasty) is the process of tenseization of the eye areas that support these tissues by removing the over-fat, muscle and skin tissue in the lower and upper eyelids. With this surgical application, sagging, inward or outwardly turned upper and lower eyelids, bags due to over-fat collection and wrinkles around the eyes are corrected. If only upper eyelid aesthetics are to be performed, the procedure can be performed under local anesthesia. The duration of upper eyelid surgery is not more than 1 hour. The amount of skin and muscle to be removed is decided by the drawing made while the patient is sitting. In most recently, removing the skin and muscle made to cause a line to be hidden in the folding line of the lid in appropriate dimensions provides sufficient tension in the eyelid. In lower eyelid surgery, the lower eyelid skin is lifted together with the muscle with the incise that is made just below the eyelashes. The reduction of fat cushions is very rarely required. Usually the spread of fat packets to the edge of the eye socket helps to correct the depression that occurs under the eyes. If the cheek removal and spread of fat cushions is insufficient in the removal of this depression, the fat injection process is added. After removing the abundance of skin and muscles, muscle tissue hangs on the outer wall of the eye pit. This provides support for oil cushions.
What should be considered before surgery?
Do not use aspirin and similar medications for a week before surgery. Likewise, herbal teas such as green tea and vitamin E are believed to have a blood-thinning effect, so it is useful not to take them for a week before surgery. High eye pressure, hypertension, thyroid diseases, eye dryness are situations that increase the risk in eyelid aesthetic surgeries. If you have one of these chronic conditions, be sure to inform your doctor about this.
What should be considered after the application of blepharoplasty surgeries ?
When the procedure is finished, there will be tapes covering the eyelids. That doesn’t stop you from seeing it. Cold is applied to the eye area in order to control the edema after the procedure. Despite these measures, swelling and bruising may occur around the eyes. These swellings and bruises increase for the first 2 days. From day 3, it gradually begins to decrease. The ont of arnika cream in the early period helps the bruises pass more quickly. Especially in the first hours after the procedure, leakage and slight bleeding may occur on the tapes covering the eyelids. Coughing, sneezing increase these complaints. In the first days after the procedure, there may be complaints in the form of tension, stinging, burning around the eyes. These complaints can be eliminated with simple painkillers. From the 3rd day after the procedure, the edema around the eyes begins to decrease and activities can be increased. Tapes and seams around the eyes are removed on the 3rd or 5th day after the procedure. A small band can be put on the side of the eye for another 5 days. On the same day, it is allowed to wash the eye area and apply moisturizer to the eyelids. When performing these procedures, care should be taken and harsh movements should be avoided. When the bands and seams around the eyes are taken, the yellowing purple area and a limited swelling are natural. These decrease day by day and can be hidden by light makeup. After the procedure, heavy sports, edema-enhancing applications such as solarium, sauna, sun bath steam bath should be avoided for 6 weeks, in the first weeks after the procedure, it is extremely common that the eyes are swollen when waking up in the morning. During the day, this swelling gradually decreases. In the first weeks, there may be tension, stinging and watering of the eyes due to exposure to wind and sun. Sunglasses can be used to prevent this situation.
What are the risks after surgery?
Infrequently, bleeding problems may occur during or after eyelid surgery. If there is bleeding after the operation, emergency drainage treatment may be required. The use of aspirin or anti-inflammatory drugs should be stopped ten days before the operation due to increased risk of bleeding. Hypertension, which is not under medical control, can also cause bleeding during or after the operation. Bleeding under the eyelids can delay healing and cause bad traces (skar) to remain.
Infection is usually not expected after this surgery. In rare cases, if the infection develops, the problem can be solved with proper antibiotic treatment. Blindness after Blepharoplasty is extremely unlikely. However, bleeding into the eye during or after surgery can cause this. This problem can be overcome with early detection and drainage.
The most feared and relatively common complication is downward withdrawal (ectropion) in the lower eyelid. This probability increases in patients undergoing surgery for the second time. The problem is usually that the eye skin is taken too much and the treatment is to replace the missing skin. For this, it may be required to remove skin from the upper eyelid.
As a result of aging, sun exposure and some other conditions, there may be changes in the appearance of the eyelid. Blepharoplasty surgery does not stop aging, or continuously provide tension of the eyelid area. New surgeries and treatments may be required in the future to preserve the results of blepharoplasty surgery.