What are Chin Surgeries?
Mentoplasty (Chin Augmentation) is a medical plastic procedure to give an alternate shape to jawline either by improvement with an implant or reduction surgery on the bone. This plastic surgery can be performed without implants too. Plastic medical procedure, can regularly be performed on the lower jawline region to improve extents of the face and to assist with one’s confidence and overlook.
Once in a while bone from the jaw itself can be pushed ahead in an activity called a mentoplasty or genioplasty. On the other hand, molded silicone inserts can be utilized to give more projection to the jaw. Then again, bone can be taken out to diminish an excessively anticipating jawline. Moreover, changes to the upper or potentially lower jaw can be exhorted for improved biting elements and impediment—or how the teeth fit together. These tasks can go from easy to exceptionally mind boggling.
Normally a plastic expert may endorse facial structure operation or technique to a patient having a rhinoplasty to achieve better facial degrees, as the size of the jaw may enhance or restrict the clear size of the nose. Besides, with progressing propels in development, and in the wake of gaining instructed consent resulting to evaluating all decisions, perils and focal points, your plastic expert may suggest off-mark use of FDA embraced gel filler material as a possibility for giving extension of the facial structure area that may continue going for a more limited way.
What needs to be considered before the procedure?
- Any disease that has been diagnosed such as blood pressure, diabetes, heart, infectious disease, etc., a drug you are using, any allergy history, bleeding problem or fainting, allergy development, etc. encountered in previous dental treatments. If there is a problem, please inform your doctor before surgery.
- Keep your medications you use on a regular basis, along with all examinations and x-rays with you during your treatment.
- Do not stop taking your regular medications without consulting your doctor first. In addition, stopping blood thinners without the doctor’s approval can lead to life-threatening risks. Unless you are told otherwise by your surgeon, you should continue to use your medication in the same way that you are advised.
- If deemed necessary, your dentist may refer you to another specialist in order to get information about your current health problems in more details. As a result of this process which is called consultation your surgeon receives detailed information from your dentist about the current condition of your jaw. That way the surgeon can pin point the precautions to be taken before and after your surgery. Jaw surgeries, whether under local or general anesthesia, are a bleeding surgical intervention using anesthetic drugs that have vast amount of effects on the heart, circulatory and respiratory system, and the consultations received from your physician are of vital importance when chin augmentation is performed.
- Unless otherwise stated, surgeries performed with local anesthesia should be on a full stomach.
In regards to ensure the hygiene of the operation area, you should definitely brush your teeth, shave on the day of the surgery and do not put a make up on.
- In regards to ensure the hygiene of the operation area, you should definitely brush your teeth, shave on the day of the surgery and do not put a make up on.
What needs to be considered after procedure?
- Most of the operations performed under local anesthesia in maxillofacial surgery, chin augmentation surgery however, as with all surgeries careful wound care is of primarily important for trouble-free healing. The main objective is postoperative wound care that is aligned with the surgeon’s recommendations;
- Sterile tampon to be placed after the operation is 30 minutes and should be bitten firmly throughout.
- Even after removing your first tampon, it is usually normal for the bleeding to continue as a slight leak. You would not need to add a new tampon. However, spitting blood that accumulates in the mouth causes increased bleeding. In addition, sucking the wound also causes the bleeding to start again by moving the clot in the wound. It should be swallowed slowly or drained from the rim without accumulating blood in the mouth.
- There should not be any food and beverage consumption for 2 hours after surgery.
- Tooth brushing and mouthwash can be resumed 1 day after surgery.
- Food intake should be stopped for 1 week after the surgery; afterwards a well balanced diet plan should be preferred. Foods that are too hot, cold, acidic, spicy should not be consumed. In addition, snacks and foods that contains grain should not be consumed.
- Smoking should be avoided at least for a 1 week after surgery. Smoking can caouse an infection called “alveolitis” in the tooth extraction area, which can cause quite high amount of pain and takes a long time to heal.
- Although it is usually a simple procedure, as in all surgical interventions, embedded tooth extraction creates a small amount of trauma in the surrounding tissues, which can cause mild to moderate edema and redness on the skin depending on the type of intervention. The swelling that starts after the operation and reaches its maximum level within 48 hours is usually edema and does not require any further action. The cold compress you will make at intervals will help keep the edema to a minimum.
- If you are feeling comfortable in the first days after the surgery, but you begin to feel pain later, this may be an indication of an infection and is it usually caused by smoking. Your doctor will help you to relieve from your pain by dressing the wound area and regulating your medication.
- Medications prescribed by your doctor before and after surgery should be used regularly as instructed.
- If you encounter an unexpected situation, inform your doctor instantly in case of emergency.
- After surgery patients who did undergo chin augmentation surgery; Painkillers, antibiotics and treatments are applied to reduce swelling of the face and lessen the pain that is experienced. In addition, supportive treatment is performed with serums.
- The situation when is requiring the patient to stay in intensive care is rare. Nutrition is started on the same day with furit juices.
- After the general condition of the patient improves, and this usually takes between 2 to 4 days after surgery. The upper and lower jaw teeth are fixed to each other with rubbers and the mouth is closed for 1-3 weeks. This makes bone healing safer and decreases the time required for healing.
What are the risks involved with chin surgeries?
As with any other type of surgeries there are some of the risks involved that relates to chin augmentation surgery in few words are listed below:
- Blood loss
- Nerve damage
- Fracture of the jaw
- Biting and jaw joint pain
- The need for a new surgery
In addition to the list above, facial swelling, nausea, vomiting, and small blood leaks, which can be observed in any surgery. In the ching augmentation surgery the complication that can be seen is the decrease or loss of sensation in the lower lips. But the loss of sensation is normal and will pass with time. Complete loss of sensation is rare.
Severe bleeding that fills the mouth rapidly is a very rare condition. In such a case, you should consult your doctor by biting a sterile tampon or a clean piece of cotton.
A nerve that gives sensation to the lower lip and lower teeth passes through the lower jaw bone (mandible) (on both sides). While dividing the lower jaw bone longitudinally into two as inner and outer leaves during surgery, this nerve is carefully preserved during the operation.The nerve remains in the inner leaves and is checked at every stage for damage. Although it is rare, if the nerve is compressed or damaged, it can be repaired with microsurgical methods (under the microscope). For this reason, it is crucial that the surgeon who is performing the operation has to have a exceptional command of the microsurgical technique. In lower jaw surgery; (if the patient has no special risk unknown) there is no risk of death.
In conclusion, the ching augmentation surgery potential risks are listed above and no surgery is without any risk. To avoid and minimize the potential risks, follow the instructions above and follow your doctor’s orders as stated.