Breast lift, or mastopexy — is a surgical operation aimed at eliminating ptosis of the mammary glands. Ptosis or omission of the mammary glands is a condition in which the nipple-areolar complex is shifted downwards, relative to the submammary fold. In this case, there is an overgrowth of the skin, glandular tissue and loss of the shape of the mammary glands. The breast loses the beautiful cone-shaped shape inherent in young and nulliparous women, flattens and falls down. Naturally, with such changes in the shape and position of the breast, it loses its aesthetic and sexual attractiveness and becomes a source of psychological problems for its owner. This process is especially difficult for young women, in whom ptosis of the mammary glands is not the result of gradual age-related changes, but occurs very quickly as a result of pregnancy, childbirth and subsequent feeding of the child. The rate of development and severity of breast ptosis is directly proportional to the size of the breast.
There are cases when the doctor may recommend postponing the lifting procedure. For example, if a woman plans to become pregnant and breastfeed in the future, or if she is dissatisfied with her weight and plans to actively lose weight, it is better not to do breast correction. Also, the operation is not performed if less than a year has passed since the end of feeding.
Other contraindications for mastopexy are:
· Disruption of the blood clotting system;
· Endocrinological diseases, including diabetes mellitus;
· Acute infectious diseases, exacerbation of chronic diseases;
· Oncological diseases;
· Tendency to scarring;
· Hormonal disorders.
How dangerous is the operation?
Patients who are planning to have a breast lift always wonder what complications may occur. Since mastopexy is an operation, then after it, as well as after other surgical interventions, edema may begin, it is possible to form hematomas, seromas, and suppurations.
Another group of complications is related to the nature of the operation itself. The two main problems are secondary ptosis, that is, repeated” lowering” of the breast, changing its shape, as well as the appearance of scars. The larger the breast volume before surgery, the greater the likelihood of secondary ptosis. Also, the development of complications is promoted by hormonal failures, changes in body weight. The sensitivity of the nipples may decrease: experts believe that about 15% of operated women face this situation.
Before the operation, you need to visit a therapist, a mammologist (to do a mammography or ultrasound of the breast), an anesthesiologist. Blood and urine tests, ECG, and fluorography are also required. Immediately before the operation, the doctor makes a breast marking and tells in detail how exactly the lift will be made.